How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in a computer-driven world, you're probably not surprised to hear that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is created by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans etcetera.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in building a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To improve your score, you must get the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us at (718) 477-4405.